In 1879, Anton Marzi and his brother-in-law, Simon Peter Remy, began operation of Marzi & Remy in the Westerwald town of Höhr (later known as Höhr-Grenzhausen). They added a pewter operation in 1880 and were reported to employ one hundred workers as of 1910. Werner Remy (the son of Simon Peter Remy) and Otto Buhler took over the company in 1927. Otto Buhler, Jr., became head of operations in 1934. The firm celebrated their one hundredth anniversary in 1979 and continued to do business into the 1980s.
Marzi & Remy were major contributors to the early character stein market. Not only did they manufacture figurals for themselves but also for other pewtersmiths and distributors. There are some popular Nürnberg character steins that carry the Felsenstein & Mainzer mark. By studying their traits, it can be surmised that the ceramic bodies of these steins were made by Marzi & Remy. Felsenstein & Mainzer, which distributed these steins to Nürnberg souvenir shops, were well-known Nürnberg pewtersmiths. The manufacture of eagle steins marked M. Schutz & Co. ULM are also attributed to Marzi & Remy.
Very few of the early Marzi & Remy figurals carry any marks whatsoever. Their steins have been identified from old catalogs and by studying known pieces to learn the signature characteristics of the manufacturer. Further study has helped to make their traits easy to recognize. Only the modern-made figurals carry an identifiable factory mark.
Marzi & Remy worked in both cream stoneware and in blue-grey stoneware. In some instances, their figurals were available in both materials, but some of the figurals have been found only in one type of material or the other. Those that were made in cream stoneware are often found in various patterns of color decoration.
The majority of Marzi & Remy character steins were made only in the ½ liter size. Only a few were available in larger or smaller sizes, and only a few were made in more than one size.
Studying the mold numbers associated with Marzi & Remy character steins yields little consistent information. While many fall into the 700, 800, or 900 series, others are found with higher or lower numbers. Different numbers are sometimes found on the same figural. A possible explanation is that some were special orders for other companies.
PEWTER LID RIMS
Character steins manufactured by Marzi & Remy sometimes have pewter lid rims and sometimes do not. This depends on the particular figural. Those that are found with lid rims are only found that way, and those that are found without a rim likewise are always found without one.
MUSIC BOX BASES
Marzi & Remy rarely used a music box base. So far only two of their figurals have been seen with this type of base. The 1/8 liter Alligator (mold #1914) was available both with and without a music box base. The Salzberg Tower is always found with a hollow music box base. Each of these are made of cream stoneware.
|Alligator .125L on Music box base|
|Freuermach-Thurm (Spa) .5L|
|Wilhelm I Shoulder Pads .5L|