MARTIN PAUSON MÜNCHEN

The name Martin Pauson appears on almost all types of steins made during the early part of the twentieth century. Very often it is found on steins related to Munich or Bavaria. As the company is located in Munich, this is not unusual. To understand their part in character stein history, it is necessary to look at the overall Pauson picture. Some of the most prevalent types of beer steins carrying the Martin Pauson name are simple steins that were made to commemorate events or occasions that took place in the Munich vicinity. A large number of these steins contain well-made pewter lids. Many of these lids carry the mark M. Pauson, München on the riser or shank. It is very possible that Pauson was a pewtersmith. These same steins often have hand-painted bodies with commemorative names, dates, etc. This suggests the possibility that Pauson also could have done some decorating. Even if they did do some decorating, it is not conclusive evidence that they decorated any of the character steins bearing their name. It is possible that an outside source provided those figurals carrying Pauson’s name since the evidence suggests that Pauson did not produce any ceramics. Their blue-grey stoneware can easily be traced to the Höhr-Grenzhausen factories. Their porcelain character steins can also be traced to other ceramic manufacturers. It is likely that Martin Pauson did much of the designing, distributing, ordering, and possibly pewter work and decorating.

Regarding character steins with Pauson’s name, it is necessary to break into groups the marked Pauson figurals. Two of their most popular blue-grey stoneware character steins, the Zugspitze and the Wendelstein mountains have been traced to the Merkelbach & Wick factory in Grenzhausen. A few of these figurals are actually marked with the Merkelbach & Wick basemark.

The majority of Pauson's character steins are porcelain. A good portion of them were meant to serve the souvenir market. Many are in the shape of the Munich Child. Some of them were clearly made by, and actually are basemarked, Schierholz & Sohn of Plaue. They are double marked, both with the name MARTIN PAUSON MÜNCHEN and with the familiar elongated Schierholz crosshatch mark (see figure__). There are also some that demonstrate all of the Schierholz traits but bear only the Martin Pauson name.

One of the tell tale signs of Schierholz Munich Child characters is the method of decoration. After some study, the Schierholz decoration traits become easily recognizable. On most of these steins the Martin Pauson name appears in a blank rear top base panel that is applied under the glaze, meaning that even the name was applied by the manufacturer.

Other porcelain Munich Child figurals that bear Pauson's name can all be attributed to a single manufacturer, although the source is still unknown. There is no doubt that Martin Pauson designed, ordered, and distributed these steins for their own markets. Munich was probably the biggest tourist city in Germany, and Munich’s symbol certainly was its most recognizable souvenir. It has been established that they commissioned Schierholz & Sohn, Ernst Bohne Söhne, and other character stein factories to produce these figurals for them. These Munich Child characters were often made in multiple sizes.

SIZES

The few blue-grey character steins that bear Pauson basemarks all come in only t1/10one-tenth liter and as large as one liter.

PEWTER LID RIMS

Whether or not a particular character stein has a lid rim was largely dependent on the ceramic manufacturer. Those made by Merkelbach & Wick did. Those made by Ernst Bohne Söhne also had them. Most made by Schierholz did not. The group of yet unattributed porcelain Munich Child steins were mounted with lid rims.

MARKS

Identifiable Pauson marks vary from stein to stein. The mountain steins carry the basemark showing MARTIN PAUSON MÜNCHEN in an incised oval (see figure__). Some of the character steins made by Schierholz have Pauson's name stamped on the base (see figure__). One series has a blank panel on the rear of the top rim where the words Martin Pauson München often appear in script (see figure__). Sometimes the only place their name appears is on the pewter shank. These cases could indicate that Pauson only applied the pewter, or it could possibly mean that they merely purchased these figurals for distribution or for retail purposes.

Character steins believed to have been made by Schierholz & Sohn:

Munich Child (barrel body) 1L, ½L, ¼L, 1/8L, 1/10L

Coffee Grinding Girl (Kathreiner's Kneippmaltz Kaffee)

Katherine's Children's Malt Coffee, No Caffeine

Munich Child on Barrel ½L, 1L

Munich Child (marked #) 1L, ½L

Munich Child ½L, ¼L, 1/8L

Munich Child ½L (adv. malt kaffe)

Character steins made by Merkelbach & Wick:

Zugspitze Mountain ½L

Wendelstein Mountain ½L

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